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Intellectual property protection in Nigeria

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Nigeria general info

Officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa that borders with Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Nigeria is a federal republic comprising 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The largest city in Nigeria is Lagos, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world and second largest in Africa.


IP Legal Base in Nigeria

Copyright Act
Patents and Design Act
Trademarks Act
Copyright Decree
National Agricultural Seeds Decree
Patents and Designs Order
Copyright Order


International organizations/agreements

Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
Patent Cooperation Treaty
Patent Law Treaty
Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations
WIPO Convention
WIPO Copyright Treaty
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty


Patent Office Contact Details

Commercial Law Department
Trademarks, Patents and Designs
Ministry of Trade and Investment
Block D, Old Secretariat, Area 1
Garki, Abuja
Phone: + 234 08092194426, + 234 08092194416


IP registration costs

Fees associated with registration of IP rights in Nigeria are available in the fee calculator.


Brief summary is based on the information provided by Hectagon and Shields Solicitors on 09.02.2024
Please contact us if the above information is not in conformity with Nigerian IP Laws